China is not just one of the world’s superpowers, it is also one of the world’s top tourist destinations. The populous country has a diverse mix of the landscape which has translated into diverse tourist attractions. The landscape boasts of grasslands, mountains, desert, a very long coastline and rivers.
The Great Wall of China
This is a world heritage site, and one of the greatest wonders of the world. This historical site is built through landscapes stretching for thousands of kilometres from east to west of China. The wall is not flat on the ground but rather gently rises and lowers as the landscape changes from plateaus, to mountains to grasslands and deserts. The Great Wall stretches for about 13170 miles/ 21196 kilometres.
The Great Wall of China has been in existence for more than 2000 years and it is one of the significant attractions in the world, chiefly due to its fascinating history and its architectural magnificence. Some sections of the Wall have gotten ruined due to age and weathering but the wall still retains its splendour.
Having a tour of the Wall is one of the most important relics of proving having been on a selection of trips to China. The Wall is divided into sections which offer visitors something different for each section. The Jinshanling and Simatai sections are for the nature lovers who love hiking. The sections offer hiking routes complete with an open and wild scenery. If you want sections of the architectural wonder that are still intact from the Ming Dynasty then the Badaling and Mutianyu are the best sections to visit complete with the beacon towers.
The Forbidden City
The Forbidden City is now known as the Palace Museum and is located to the North of another popular attraction, the Tiananmen Square. The Palace is rectangular in shape and covers 74 hectares which make it the largest palace complex in the world. The palace contains more than 8,700 rooms and it has two parts.
The Outer Court which is contained in the southern section of the palace was where the emperor ruled the nation from. The emperor lived in the Inner Court in the northern section with the royal family. It was strictly forbidden to go into the palace without the permission from the emperor; that is how it derived its name.
While touring the museum, entry is only possible through the Meridian Gate and the exit through the Gate of Divine Prowess or the East Prosperity Gate. This is because the museum touring is designed to follow a unidirectional route from south to north. The tour of the central axis can take three to four hours while the east and west wing can take more time, because of the wealth of information concerning the palace that is contained there.
The Terracotta Army
The Terracotta Army also known as the Terracotta Warriors and Horses is another historical and educational tourist attraction. This is a spectacular archaeological excavation that is regarded as one of the most significant in the 20th Century. The site is located a short distance from another attraction site; Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s Mausoleum. Emperor Qin ascended to the throne in 246 BC and later began the work on his mausoleum which took 11 years to complete.
This archaeological site was accidentally discovered by peasants who unearthed some pottery while digging for a well. Archaeologists then quickly arrived in Xian to conduct a study and see if there were any more items as they dug further. It was established that indeed the artefacts were from the Qin Dynasty (211-206 BC).
In 1975, the State Council authorized to construct a museum on the site which is now the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses. The museum is famous for the life-sized figures of terracotta depicting warriors and horses organized in a battle formation. This is regarded as another world cultural heritage.
When you visit China, you will have many options for guided tours carefully crafted to fit your itinerary. The tours are designed with consideration to your budget while ensuring you get the most out of it.
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